Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Leon E. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1144) interviewed by David Conn and Trudy K. Turkel,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1144

Videotape testimony of Leon E., who was born in Kielce, Poland in 1920, one of eleven children. He recalls nine years of schooling; learning his father's business; the outbreak of war; returning to Kielce from the city where he worked; ghettoization; liquidation of the ghetto in 1942; transport to Pionki in Radom, where he worked in a munitions factory with two of his brothers; transport to Auschwitz in 1944; and work at Buna-Monowitz in the I.G. Farben factory for a few days. Mr. E. describes transfer, with his older brother, to Jawischowitz; work in the coal mines; the inhumane conditions; receiving food from a Polish civilian worker; transfer to Ohrdruf, then Crawinkel; work in the quarry; seeing his brother for the last time; transfer to Buchenwald; and liberation by United States troops. He recalls prisoners dying due to rich food received from the Americans; his recuperation in a hospital; work in the American zone; learning that returning Jews had been killed in Kielce; marriage and the birth of his daughter; emigration to the United States with the aid of HIAS; and his subsequent life.

E., Leon, 1920-2002.
Baltimore, Md. : Baltimore Jewish Council, 1988
Interview Date
December 8, 1988.
Kielce (Poland)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Leon E. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1144). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.