Charles A. Holocaust testimony (HVT-662) interviewed by Jeffrey S. Winter
- Des Moines, Iowa : Des Moines Holocaust Survivors Project, 1985
- Interview Date
- November 25, 1985.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Charles A. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-662). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Charles A., who was born in Kaunas, Lithuania in 1917. He describes his father's work as an engineer constructing church cupolas; attending a private gymnasium; restrictions on Jewish participation in government; Lithuanians organizing mass killings of Jews immediately prior to the arrival of German troops; and the return to the Jewish community of the bodies of twenty-three girls who had been rounded-up, including his girlfriend. Mr. A. details life in the ghetto from 1941 to 1944: the round-up and disappearance of community leaders, including his father; election of a new leadership who had some privileges; pervasive starvation; forced labor; mass killings, including young people who joined the partisans; and the murder of all children and elderly. He recounts transfer to Palemonas for several months; transport to Dachau; obtaining a better job through a family friend; liberation from Wolfratshausen by American troops; learning his mother had survived in the Soviet zone; and emigrating to join an uncle in Des Moines. Mr. A. notes he formerly had terrible headaches resulting from his guilt that he had survived, but now feels better.