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Julian M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-890) interviewed by Kathy Strochlic and Peggy Morton

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-890

Videotape testimony of Julian M., who was born in Kraków, Poland in 1924. He recalls antisemitism in Polish schools he attended, particularly gymnasium; his father's prewar death; disbelief that conditions in Germany would impact them; German invasion; increasing restrictions and persecution; fleeing with his family to Nowy Wiśnicz; his capture; a forced labor camp in Kraków; transfer to the ghetto; learning all Jews in Nowy Wiśnicz had been liquidated including his family; and his aunt's and cousins' deportation (he lived with them). He describes factory work; obtaining chemicals for people who wished to commit suicide; evacuation of the Kraków ghetto to Płaszow; building railroad tracks for Siemans; transfer to Pionki; working in a munitions factory; transfer to Auschwitz, then Gleiwitz; frequent beatings and hangings; the forced march to Gross Rosen, Bergen-Belsen and Buchenwald; assisting his friend who was killed; atrocities by Ilse Koch; and liberation by Americans in April 1945. He recounts recuperation in Davos, Switzerland; moving to Geneva; joining relatives in New York; illness from a spinal injury incurred during forced labor; and his postwar adjustment. He attributes his survival to luck and reflects on how unprepared the relief community was to help survivors adjust psychologically.

Author/Creator
M., Julian, 1924-
Published
New York, N.Y. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 1987
Interview Date
May 4, 1987.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Julian M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-890). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.