Kurt S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2013) interviewed by Lucille B. Ritvo and Sara Moss Herz
- New Haven, Conn. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
- Interview Date
- May 14,1993.
- 3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Kurt S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2013). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Kurt S., who was born in Krefeld, Germany in 1924. He recalls being barred from university in 1938 due to anti-Jewish restrictions; working on a Jewish training farm in Silesia; Gestapo dissolution of the farm in 1941; returning to Krefeld; and transport with his parents to the Rīga ghetto in December. Mr. S. describes unloading ships; refusing a ship captain's offer to smuggle him to Denmark in order to remain with his parents; work details in Rīga, Salaspils, Kaiserwald and other places; frequent deaths from starvation, hangings, and shootings; narrowly escaping execution; his father's death in Kaiserwald; ship transport to Stutthof, where he last saw his mother in April 1944; volunteering for work in Buchenwald, Essen (a Krupp factory), and Jena; the death march in spring 1945; and liberation by United States troops. He recounts returning to Krefeld; learning his family of 180 had all been killed; living in a displaced persons camp near Frankfurt; marriage; and emigration to the United States in April 1946. Mr. S. provides many details of ghetto and concentration camp life; the aborted revolt by Jewish police in Rīga; and his brother's story (emigration to England after Kristallnacht, incarceration as an enemy alien, and deportation to Canada).