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Kurt S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2013) interviewed by Lucille B. Ritvo and Sara Moss Herz

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2013

Videotape testimony of Kurt S., who was born in Krefeld, Germany in 1924. He recalls being barred from university in 1938 due to anti-Jewish restrictions; working on a Jewish training farm in Silesia; Gestapo dissolution of the farm in 1941; returning to Krefeld; and transport with his parents to the Rīga ghetto in December. Mr. S. describes unloading ships; refusing a ship captain's offer to smuggle him to Denmark in order to remain with his parents; work details in Rīga, Salaspils, Kaiserwald and other places; frequent deaths from starvation, hangings, and shootings; narrowly escaping execution; his father's death in Kaiserwald; ship transport to Stutthof, where he last saw his mother in April 1944; volunteering for work in Buchenwald, Essen (a Krupp factory), and Jena; the death march in spring 1945; and liberation by United States troops. He recounts returning to Krefeld; learning his family of 180 had all been killed; living in a displaced persons camp near Frankfurt; marriage; and emigration to the United States in April 1946. Mr. S. provides many details of ghetto and concentration camp life; the aborted revolt by Jewish police in Rīga; and his brother's story (emigration to England after Kristallnacht, incarceration as an enemy alien, and deportation to Canada).

Author/Creator
S., Kurt, 1924-
Published
New Haven, Conn. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
Interview Date
May 14,1993.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Kurt S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2013). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.