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Eugene R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1878) interviewed by Dana L. Kline and Sara Moss Herz

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1878

Videotape testimony of Eugene R., who was born in Abaújszántó, Hungary in 1922. He recalls the second class status of Jews despite a comfortable life; attending Yeshiva in Miskolc and gymnasium in Budapest while learning the leather trade; his brothers' compulsory service in labor battalions (they did not survive); German invasion; and forced labor outside Budapest in 1944. Mr. R. recounts chaos following Hungary's attempt to withdraw from the war; efforts by a battalion officer to prevent their deportation in late 1944; transport to Fertőrakos; digging trenches and bunkers; horrendous conditions; transfer to Balf; meeting his two other brothers after their return from the Russian front; a landlady protecting Mr. R. and a brother from a soldier's abuse; transfer by train and on foot to Vienna, Mauthausen, Wels and Gunskirchen; and liberation on May 4th just before Germans destroyed the camp. He describes transfer with his brothers to the Soviet occupied zone; escaping to Budapest, then Miskolc; reunion with his sister; learning their parents had been killed; escape to Vienna in January 1948; and emigration to the United States in 1950. Mr. R. reflects on similarities between the Passover Haggadah and testimonies about the Holocaust.

Author/Creator
R., Eugene, 1922-
Published
New Haven, Conn. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
Interview Date
June 12, 1992.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Eugene R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1878). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/1072606
Record last modified: 2011-05-05 11:10:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt1072606