Eugene R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1878) interviewed by Dana L. Kline and Sara Moss Herz
- New Haven, Conn. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
- Interview Date
- June 12, 1992.
- 3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Eugene R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1878). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Eugene R., who was born in Abaújszántó, Hungary in 1922. He recalls the second class status of Jews despite a comfortable life; attending Yeshiva in Miskolc and gymnasium in Budapest while learning the leather trade; his brothers' compulsory service in labor battalions (they did not survive); German invasion; and forced labor outside Budapest in 1944. Mr. R. recounts chaos following Hungary's attempt to withdraw from the war; efforts by a battalion officer to prevent their deportation in late 1944; transport to Fertőrakos; digging trenches and bunkers; horrendous conditions; transfer to Balf; meeting his two other brothers after their return from the Russian front; a landlady protecting Mr. R. and a brother from a soldier's abuse; transfer by train and on foot to Vienna, Mauthausen, Wels and Gunskirchen; and liberation on May 4th just before Germans destroyed the camp. He describes transfer with his brothers to the Soviet occupied zone; escaping to Budapest, then Miskolc; reunion with his sister; learning their parents had been killed; escape to Vienna in January 1948; and emigration to the United States in 1950. Mr. R. reflects on similarities between the Passover Haggadah and testimonies about the Holocaust.