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Solomon R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2435) interviewed by Susan W. Needle and Mitzi Zerivitz

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2435

Videotape testimony of Solomon R., who was born in Komarov, Poland (presently Ukraine) in 1920. He recalls moving to Łódź when he was seven; working from age twelve onward; German invasion; attempting to reach Warsaw; capture by Germans; train transport to Germany, then back to Poland two weeks later; forced labor in Kraków; being released; returning to Łódź; ghettoization; frequent shootings; difficulty obtaining food; volunteering for forced labor in Germany so his family would receive compensation; working in Frankfurt an-der-Oder from December 1940 onward; transfer to a factory near Berlin; the factory foreman's efforts to obtain more food for the workers; transport to Birkenau, Auschwitz, then the I.G. Farben factory in Monowitz; participating in boxing matches with other prisoners, which saved his life and allowed him to help other prisoners; weekly selections from which he saved two boys (he met one in the United States); the death march in January 1945 to Gleiwitz; hiding to escape further deportation; and liberation by Soviet troops. Mr. R. describes returning to Łódź; fleeing to Germany; living in the Bergen-Belsen displaced persons camp; marriage in Feldafing; and emigration to the United States in 1949.

Author/Creator
R., Solomon, 1920-
Published
Baltimore, Md. : Baltimore Jewish Council, 1992
Interview Date
November 8, 1992.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Solomon R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2435). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.