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Rita K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1432) interviewed by Evelyn Umlas and Zelda Kaplan

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1432

Videotape testimony of Rita K., who was born in Grodno, Poland (presently Hrodna, Belarus) in 1926. She recalls ubiquitous antisemitism; Soviet occupation; destruction of their home during the German invasion; executions of prominent Jews; Polish collaboration; ghettoization in November 1941; her father's round-up for forced labor; non-Jewish acquaintances who gave him food to smuggle into the ghetto; her brother being severely beaten; liquidation of the ghetto in November 1942 during which she was separated from her family (she never saw them again); and transport to Auschwitz. Mrs. K. recounts selections in Birkenau; forced labor; a prisoner revolt and subsequent executions; evacuation to Bergen-Belsen; and liberation. She tells of living in the Bergen-Belsen displaced persons camp; marriage; emigration to the United States in 1949; having her tattooed concentration camp number removed; her children's response to her experience; and speaking frequently about the Holocaust. She attributes her survival to her mother, who gave her meager rations in the ghetto to her children.

Author/Creator
K., Rita, 1926-
Published
Peabody, Mass. : Holocaust Center of the Jewish Federation of the North Shore, 1989
Interview Date
April 13, 1989.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Rita K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1432). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/1094380
Record last modified: 2015-03-27 09:25:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt1094380