Salo P. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1512) interviewed by Pnina Kaplan and Elliot Hershkowitz
- Mahwah, N.J. : Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 1990
- Interview Date
- May 23, 1990.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Salo P. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1512). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Salo P., who was born in 1904 in an Austrian town which became Polish after World War I. He recalls joining an older brother in Germany in 1921; increasing antisemitism after Hitler's rise to power in 1933; moving to Katowice, Poland; German invasion; fleeing to Soviet-occupied Kolomyi︠a︡; German invasion; ghettoization; refusing to join the Judenrat; hiding with his family from a mass killing; selling clothing to obtain food; escaping from a train transport; returning to the ghetto; forced labor; and beatings resulting in a hearing loss in one ear. Mr. P. recounts transfer to a labor camp; escaping to the Kolomyi︠a︡ ghetto; fleeing before the ghetto's liquidation; escape from a mass shooting; arrest and transport to Gross-Rosen; escape and return to Katowice; liberation by Soviet troops; living in Vienna and Salzburg; and emigration to the United States. He notes local non-Jews who provided aid and others who informed the Germans of his location; attributes his survival to his many escapes; and emphasizes the impossibility of describing four years of persecutions, killings, starvation, exhaustion, and fear.