Gertrude G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-451) interviewed by Ian Russ and Ora Band
- Los Angeles, Calif. : UCLA Holocaust Documentation Archives, 1984
- Interview Date
- May 19, 1984.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Gertrude G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-451). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Gertrude G., who was born in Vienna, Austria in 1931. She recalls hostility from local Nazis after the Anschluss in March 1938; anti-Jewish restrictions and violence; expulsion from school; her father's arrest prior to Kristallnacht; public humiliation of her mother and grandmother on Kristallnacht; learning her father was in Dachau; his release, based upon a promise to leave Austria; their emigration to Italy; living in Milan with assistance from the Joint; attending a Jewish school; her father's internment as a political refugee; joining him, with her mother, in Castilenti; her mother's illness and other hardships; German occupation in 1943; hiding with her parents with assistance from Italian non-Jews; learning of the Allied victory on June 6, 1944; and emigrating to the United States after five years in refugee camps. Mrs. G. discusses insecurity and confusion about her identity during the war; meeting her husband in a refugee camp; close bonds with her parents due to their war experiences; and her warm feelings for the Italians.