Oscar F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1197) interviewed by Jane Eger and Gabriele Schiff
- New York, N.Y. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1989
- Interview Date
- May 6, 1989.
- 3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Oscar F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1197). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Oscar F., who was born in Zawalów, Poland in 1921, one of eight children. He recalls Soviet occupation in 1939; German invasion in 1941; help from a former schoolmate who was in the SS; round-ups by Jewish police appointed by the Judenrat; escaping from a labor camp with assistance from a non-Jew; moving with his family into the Podhajce ghetto; hiding with his brother during "aktions"; his mother lighting Sabbath candles despite the constant fear; escaping to the woods with friends; learning the ghetto was liquidated; seeking and finding many other escapees in the woods; leading them to a hiding place (his sisters, brother-in-law, and neighbors were among the escapees); hiding in bunkers; mass killings of Jews in hiding by Ukrainians resulting in frequently changing their locations; assistance from non-Jews, especially Jehovah's Witnesses; and liberation by Soviet troops in 1944. Mr. F. describes returning to Zawalów with his siblings; traveling to Hungary and Austria; living in the Linz displaced persons camp; and emigration to the United States. He discusses his continuing religious beliefs and shows family photographs.