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Pola H. Holocaust testimony (HVT-654)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-654

Videotape testimony of Pola H., who was born in Kielce, Poland in 1913 to a family of ten children. She recalls membership in Hashomer Hatzair; German invasion; bombing raids; marriage in 1940; ghettoization in 1942; privileges obtained from working as a seamstress; the humiliation of being naked in front of Nazi men; deportation to Auschwitz in September 1944 (she never saw her husband again); transfer to Ravensbrück, then Malchow; slave labor in a munitions factory; transfer to Sweden via Denmark by the Swedish Red Cross with assistance from Folke Bernadotte; recovery and working; clandestine emigration to Palestine; interception by the British in Haifa harbor; transfer to Cyprus; transfer to Haifa; remarriage to a Kielce survivor; and the births of two sons. Mrs. H. discusses her identification as an Israeli; she and her husband sharing their experiences with their children; and frequently recurring memories and nightmares.

Author/Creator
H., Pola, 1913-
Published
Wilmette, Ill. : Holocaust Education Foundation, 1985
Interview Date
October 10, 1985.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Pola H. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-654). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.