Abe M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1511) interviewed by Janice Gordon, Claire Schuschny, and Art Barzalay,
Videotape testimony of Abe M., who was born in Chortkiv, Poland (now Ukraine) in 1923. He recalls membership in a Zionist youth group; Soviet occupation in 1939; German invasion; Ukrainian collaboration in rounding-up and shooting Jews; anti-Jewish regulations which resulted in impoverishment, hunger, and isolation; formation of the Judenrat; with assistance from non-Jews, hiding and finding jobs to avoid round-ups; ghettoization in April 1942; rumors of mass killings; his family's Judenrat exemption from deportation; hiding during "aktions"; his father and sister disappearing; and disbelief upon hearing deportees were gassed. Mr. M. recounts conditions in the reduced ghetto; forced labor; transfer with his mother in January 1943 to work on farms in Svidova, then Ulashkovtsy; Ukrainian underground activities; dreaming his father foretold he would survive; narrowly avoiding capture during round-ups and mass shootings in late 1943; hiding with others in a cave; liberation by Soviet troops in March 1944; traveling to Chortkiv; fleeing from German counterattacks to Kopychynt︠s︡i and Pidvolochyʹsk; and returning with his mother to Chortkiv.
- Mahwah, N.J. : Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 1990
- Interview Date
- April 27, 1990, May 18, 1990, and May 25, 1990.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Abe M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1511). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.