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Anna N. Holocaust testimony (HVT-588) interviewed by Lya Rosenblum and Louis Rosenblum,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-588

Videotape testimony of Anna N., who was born in Kraków, Poland. She recalls her father's wholesale dairy business; German invasion; ghettoization; remaining in Kraków when her parents moved to another city; obtaining false papers to visit them; working in the Madritsch factory; the brutal mass transfer to Płaszów; Madritsch choosing her to work, which afforded better food and conditions; escaping with help from a Polish co-worker; joining her boyfriend in Rzeszów; working for the railroad using false papers; fear of denunciation; her friend's arrest; returning to Kraków; and receiving assistance from several Poles. Mrs. N. recounts obtaining new papers; volunteering for forced labor in Austria thinking exposure was less likely there; working as a domestic in Vienna; encountering a friend (who would later become her husband); nearly being raped by the Soviet liberators; assistance from the Red Cross; traveling to Kraków seeking surviving family; returning to Vienna when she found none; marriage at the Polish consulate; and emigration to the United States. She discusses her long-lasting depression; reluctance to identify herself as Jewish; becoming less depressed after her son's birth; and the impact of her experience on her children.

N., Anna.
Wilmette, Ill. : Holocaust Education Foundation
Interview Date
December 16, 1984.
Kraków (Poland)
Rzeszów (Poland)
Vienna (Austria)
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with tim
Cite As
Anna N. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-588). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.