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Shalom T. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1062) interviewed by Dina Choshen and Raphael Rozner

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1062

Videotape testimony of Shalom T., who was born in 1921 in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia. He recalls his family's move to Antwerp in 1936 and to Brussels three years later; their move to southern France in 1940; arrest in Lyon; two months incarceration in Rivesaltes; joining his parents in Nice; their escape to Italy; German occupation; being protected by the town's mayor; arrest and transfer to Borgo San Dalmazzo, Nice, and Drancy; deportation to Auschwitz in December 1943; forced labor at Buna/Monowitz; receiving food from non-Jewish co-workers and Wehrmacht officers; public hangings; being injured in an Allied bombing; assistance from a friend; the death march in January 1945; transfers to Althammer, Gleiwitz, Mauthausen, Buchenwald, Dora, and Ellrich; observing cannibalism by Soviet prisoners; transport to Bergen-Belsen; and liberation by British troops. Mr. T. describes returning to Brussels; contacting his grandfather in England; learning his family was in Palestine; and reunion with an uncle serving in the British army. He discusses his state of mind in the camps and the importance to his survival of remaining with friends.

Author/Creator
T., Shalom, 1921-
Published
Ramat Aviv, Israel : Beth Hatefutsoth, Nahum Goldman Museum of the Jewish Diaspora, 1984
Interview Date
May 4, 1984.
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Shalom T. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1062). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.