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Josef C. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1065) interviewed by Dina Porat and Tamar Shushan,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1065

Videotape testimony of Joseph C., who was born in Warsaw, Poland in 1926. He recalls poverty; his family's Hasidism; German invasion; anti-Jewish restrictions; ghettoization; arrest by Jewish police for taking bread from the garbage; fleeing with a friend to Praga, Dęblin, and Kurów; slave labor; kindness from one German soldier; returning to Warsaw; learning his father and one sister had died; deportation to Treblinka; escaping to a work group; gassings and mass shootings; a visit by Heinrich Himmler; vicious personnel, including John Demjanjuk, Franz Stangl, and Kurt Franz ("Lalka"); a severe beating; obtaining a privileged job; prisoners baking matzos at Passover; and arrival of Warsaw ghetto resistants in May 1943. Mr. C. recounts fleeing during the August 1943 rebellion; hiding in the woods and on a farm with help from a Pole; escaping execution by the AK; capture by German troops in 1945; transport to Bergen-Belsen; sabotaging German military uniforms; witnessing the birth of a child who was immediately killed; liberation by British troops; several months hospitalization; reunion with a cousin; living in the Bergen-Belsen displaced persons camp; emigration to Palestine; marriage to a survivor; and service in the Israel-Arab War of 1948. He discusses Nazi dehumanizing techniques and psychological manipulation; nightmares; and the trauma of reliving his experiences while testifying.

Author/Creator
C., Josef, 1926-
Published
Ramat Aviv, Israel : Beth Hatefutsoth, Nahum Goldman Museum of the Jewish Diaspora, 1985
Interview Date
January 10, 1985.
Locale
Poland
Warsaw
Warsaw (Poland)
Dęblin (Warsaw, Poland)
Kurów (Lublin, Poland)
Praga (Warsaw, Poland)
Palestine
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Josef C. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1065). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
 
View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4282938
Record last modified: 2018-06-04 13:28:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4282938