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Orna B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1070) interviewed by Raphael Rozner and Raya Adler

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1070

Videotape testimony of Orna B., who was born in Włocławek, Poland in 1928. She recounts joining Hashomer Hatzair; German invasion; anti-Jewish restrictions and violence; deportations starting in December; her family traveling to Warsaw; staying in Kraków and Tarnów; her grandfather's murder in June 1942; ghettoization; forced labor; hiding in a bunker during round-ups; her father convincing Amon Goeth to bring them to Płaszów; a sadistic public hanging; her father providing extra food; their transfer to Wieliczka; transfer to Auschwitz/Birkenau with her mother (she never saw her father again) in August 1944; Hungarian prisoners observing Yom Kippur; arrival of relatives from Holland; separation from her mother in November; transfer to Mühlhausen; stealing food; transfer to Bergen-Belsen in February 1945; lice and corpses everywhere; contracting typhus; and liberation by British troops. Mrs. B. recalls living in Diepholz and Lingen; taking food from Germans in revenge; hearing from relatives in Paris and Tel Aviv; moving to Paris; learning her mother had survived; illegal emigration to Palestine from Marseille in 1946; British incarceration in Cyprus and ʻAtlit; and reunion with her mother. She discusses intergroup relations in the camps; the importance of family to her survival; testifying at war crime trials; and pervasive memories of the camps.

Author/Creator
B., Orna, 1928-
Published
Ramat Aviv, Israel : Beth Hatefutsoth, Nahum Goldman Museum of the Jewish Diaspora, 1984
Interview Date
July 6, 1984.
Locale
Poland
Tarnów (Województwo Małopolskie)
Paris (France)
Marseille (France)
Warsaw (Poland)
Palestine
Włocławek (Poland)
Kraków (Poland)
Tarnów (Województwo Małopolskie, Poland)
ʻAtlit (Israel)
Cyprus
Diepholz (Germany)
Lingen (Lower Saxony, Germany)
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies:b and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Orna B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1070). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
 
View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4283142
Record last modified: 2018-05-29 11:46:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4283142