Pnina T. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1073) interviewed by Tamar Shushan and Raya Adler
- Ramat Aviv, Israel : Beth Hatefutsoth, Nahum Goldman Museum of the Jewish Diaspora, 1984
- Interview Date
- July 27, 1984.
- 4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Pnina T. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1073). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Pnina T., who was born in Pilviškiai, Russia (presently Lithuania) in 1913. She recalls attending high school in Kaunas and university in Vilnius; marriage in 1934; living in Kaunas; her daughter's birth; plans to emigrate to Palestine; briefly visiting there with her husband in 1939 to finalize arrangements; Soviet occupation; not being able to emigrate when the borders were sealed; deportation of her parents and one brother to Siberia; German invasion in June 1941; arrest by Lithuanians; her daughter's non-Jewish nanny claiming to be the child's mother; her arrest as well; separation from the men (she never saw her husband again); release with her daughter and the nanny after three days; sending packages to her husband through the nanny; futile efforts to obtain his release; ghettoization; learning her brother, brother-in-law, husband, and other relatives had been murdered; hiding her daughter during round-ups; smuggling food with help from a German guard; a Jewish man (her future husband) bringing her packages from the nanny; learning through the Jewish underground that one of her brothers was alive in Vilnius; participating in a literary club; pregnant women having abortions or hiding their pregnancies since giving birth was illegal; her future husband and the nanny arranging for her daughter to be hidden, with assistance from a priest; bringing her to a monastery; returning to the ghetto; a nun bringing her daughter to live with a widow in a village; learning her daughter was ill; escaping to visit her; remaining with the widow and her daughter; arranging for her future husband to join them; and liberation by Soviet troops. Ms. T. notes they are still in touch with their rescuer and her son.