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Pnina T. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1073) interviewed by Tamar Shushan and Raya Adler

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1073

Videotape testimony of Pnina T., who was born in Pilviškiai, Russia (presently Lithuania) in 1913. She recalls attending high school in Kaunas and university in Vilnius; marriage in 1934; living in Kaunas; her daughter's birth; plans to emigrate to Palestine; briefly visiting there with her husband in 1939 to finalize arrangements; Soviet occupation; not being able to emigrate when the borders were sealed; deportation of her parents and one brother to Siberia; German invasion in June 1941; arrest by Lithuanians; her daughter's non-Jewish nanny claiming to be the child's mother; her arrest as well; separation from the men (she never saw her husband again); release with her daughter and the nanny after three days; sending packages to her husband through the nanny; futile efforts to obtain his release; ghettoization; learning her brother, brother-in-law, husband, and other relatives had been murdered; hiding her daughter during round-ups; smuggling food with help from a German guard; a Jewish man (her future husband) bringing her packages from the nanny; learning through the Jewish underground that one of her brothers was alive in Vilnius; participating in a literary club; pregnant women having abortions or hiding their pregnancies since giving birth was illegal; her future husband and the nanny arranging for her daughter to be hidden, with assistance from a priest; bringing her to a monastery; returning to the ghetto; a nun bringing her daughter to live with a widow in a village; learning her daughter was ill; escaping to visit her; remaining with the widow and her daughter; arranging for her future husband to join them; and liberation by Soviet troops. Ms. T. notes they are still in touch with their rescuer and her son.

Author/Creator
T., Pnina, 1913-
Published
Ramat Aviv, Israel : Beth Hatefutsoth, Nahum Goldman Museum of the Jewish Diaspora, 1984
Interview Date
July 27, 1984.
Language
Hebrew
Copies
4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Pnina T. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1073). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4283154
Record last modified: 2012-08-23 15:16:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4283154