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Gabriel D. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1082) interviewed by Dina Choshen and Nathan Beyrak

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1082

Videotape testimony of Gabriel D., who was born in Hradec Králové, Czechoslovakia in 1922. He recalls his father's death in 1935; moving to Prague in 1936; participation in Maccabi, a Zionist youth group; German occupation; his brother's and sister's emigration; his mother's death; living in a Maccabi commune; volunteering for deportation to Theresienstadt in November 1941 in order to be with his friends; overcrowding and starvation; deportations resulting in separation trauma; secret Maccabi meetings; cultural and educational activities; working as a gardener; participating in theater productions despite painful hunger; sham improvements for a Red Cross visit and Nazi filming; providing flowers for Eichmann from the garden; organizing a lending library; an unsuccessful attempt to establish an underground; organizing help for the elderly with his friends; contacts with Leo Baeck; keeping a diary (recovered after the war); and deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau in October 1944. Mr. D. describes meaningless slave labor; transfer to Gleiwitz; the death march to Blechhammer; hiding during the evacuation; being discovered; posing as dead during a mass killing; receiving food from an escaped British POW and Soviet troops; and traveling to Katowice, Częstochowa, and Košice. He discusses cultural life and organization of Terezín; his state of mind; the importance of friendship; and sharing his diary with his son.

Author/Creator
D., Gabriel, 1922-
Published
Ramat Aviv, Israel : Beth Hatefutsoth, Nahum Goldman Museum of the Jewish Diaspora, 1984
Interview Date
October 8, 1984.
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Gabriel D. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1082). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4283193
Record last modified: 2014-11-05 11:15:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4283193