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Mikel C. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1204) interviewed by Edith Bayme and Bonnie Dwork

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1204

Videotape testimony of Mikel C., who was born in Kraków, Poland in 1920. He describes his affluent family; moving to Vienna; the Anschluss; beatings of Jews: illegally entering France; arrest in Metz; transfer to Germany; arrests for illegally entering Holland and Belgium; incarceration in a Belgian refugee camp; release to study art in Antwerp with assistance from the Jewish community; German invasion; traveling to Brussels; watching the British evacuation at Dunkerque; translating for the SS in Calais as a non-Jew; joining his sister in Brussels (she later emigrated to the United States); managing a nightclub for German officers; rejoining his parents in Vienna; appraising valuables confiscated from Jews for a German official; hiding with his parents during deportations; and escape to Bucharest via Zagreb. Mr. C. recalls their deportation to Czernowitz, then Mogilev; sadistic killing of Jewish children; transfer to Bacāu; forced labor at a leather factory; sabotaging the work; escaping; joining the partisans; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling with his parents to Bucharest; marriage; moving to Salzburg; visiting displaced persons camps; joining the Irgun; sabotaging British trains; living in Paris; and emigration to the United States. Mr. C. notes he is plagued by memories, particularly of victimized children, and he shows photographs and his drawings.

C., Mikel, 1920-
New York, N.Y. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1989
Interview Date
May 8, 1989.
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Mikel C. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1204). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.