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Frieda Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1291) interviewed by Bonnie Dwork and Edith Bayme

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1291

Videotape testimony of Frieda Z., who was born in Zawiercie, Poland in 1920. She recalls her happy childhood; attending public school; the expulsion of Polish Jews from Germany in 1938; German invasion; her family's unsuccessful attempt to flee east; her brother's deportation in November 1941; warnings from a friend on the Judenrat to hide with her sister during round-ups; forced labor with her sister in a munitions factory; deportation to Birkenau in August 1943; separation from her parents upon arrival; her sister's selection; bringing her bread and water in the "dead barrack"; obtaining a privileged position; transfer to Ravensbrück in December 1944; improved conditions working in an underground factory in Malchow; escaping from a death march to the town of Malchow; and returning to Zawiercie. Mrs. Z. describes reunion with her brother; traveling to Munich; marriage in Jordanbad in February 1946; her daughter's birth in December 1948; and emigrating to the United States in March 1950. She notes incidents of assistance from non-Jews; the importance of friendship to her survival; and the impact of her experience on raising her daughter. She shows photographs.

Author/Creator
Z., Frieda, 1920-
Published
New York, N.Y. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1989
Interview Date
November 6, 1989.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Frieda Z. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1291). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4283602
Record last modified: 2011-05-05 11:36:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4283602