Shalom M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1306) interviewed by Jaša Almuli
- Belgrade, Serbia : Jewish Community in Belgrade, 1989
- Interview Date
- December 10, 1989.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Shalom M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1306). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Shalom M., who was born in Žepče, Yugoslavia (presently Bosnia and Hercegovina). He recalls military draft in 1941; being wounded and taken prisoner; transport to Stalag III A; sabotaging the work they were forced to do; escaping on a cargo train to Yugoslavia in April 1942; returning home; learning the Jewish community had been deported, with the exception of his parents (they were protected by a non-Jew); arrest and torture by Ustaša, including former schoolmates; imprisonment in Travnik; transport to Jasenovac; slave labor; sadistic killings by Ustaša guards; a Jew arranging his assignment to a privileged position as a gravedigger; sharing extra food he found; reassignment to the stables, an even more privileged position; transfer to Stara Gradiška; executions by camp official Vjekoslav Luburic; another official, Tomaslav Filipovic, killing hundreds of Serbian children with a hammer; hiding during a mass killing; learning his mother was sick in the women's camp; a friend, who was a doctor, agreeing to give her a lethal injection to spare her suffering (rats were eating the sick alive); executions after their escape plan was betrayed; killing the betrayer; escaping in March 1943; joining partisans in the Kozara Mountains; many battles against Chetniks, Ustašas, and Germans in many locations; killing some for revenge; and liberating Belgrade. Mr. M. notes he is the only Jewish survivor of his town.