Marta K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1420) interviewed by Shelly Jubelirer and Sandy Hoffman
- Milwaukee, Wis. : Generation After of Milwaukee, 1990
- Interview Date
- January 11, 1990.
- 2 copies:e and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Marta K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1420). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Marta K., who was born in Oradea, Romania in 1924. She recounts her family's strong Hungarian identity and rich cultural milieu; Hungarian occupation in 1940; anti-Jewish restrictions; her brother's service in a slave labor battalion (she never saw him again); ghettoization in 1944; deportation to Auschwitz in June; separation from her father upon arrival (she and her mother never saw him again); her mother providing emotional support to many young women; their transfer to Fallersleben in August; sabotaging the armaments in the factory; transfer to Salzwedel; liberation by United States troops; returning home via Timișoara; marriage to a former boyfriend; her mother's marriage to a survivor; oppressive conditions under communism; the births of two daughters; and their emigration to the United States in 1962. Ms. K. discusses the importance to her survival of her mother's optimism; singing and telling jokes and being cheered by reunions in the camps; losing seventy-two relatives during the Holocaust; her mother and she sharing their experiences with her children; and convincing Miklós Nyiszli (a prisoner-physician under Josef Mengele), whose wife and daughter she knew in Auschwitz, to write his memoirs. She contrasts her idyllic childhood with the Nazi and communist periods.