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Marta K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1420) interviewed by Shelly Jubelirer and Sandy Hoffman

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1420

Videotape testimony of Marta K., who was born in Oradea, Romania in 1924. She recounts her family's strong Hungarian identity and rich cultural milieu; Hungarian occupation in 1940; anti-Jewish restrictions; her brother's service in a slave labor battalion (she never saw him again); ghettoization in 1944; deportation to Auschwitz in June; separation from her father upon arrival (she and her mother never saw him again); her mother providing emotional support to many young women; their transfer to Fallersleben in August; sabotaging the armaments in the factory; transfer to Salzwedel; liberation by United States troops; returning home via Timișoara; marriage to a former boyfriend; her mother's marriage to a survivor; oppressive conditions under communism; the births of two daughters; and their emigration to the United States in 1962. Ms. K. discusses the importance to her survival of her mother's optimism; singing and telling jokes and being cheered by reunions in the camps; losing seventy-two relatives during the Holocaust; her mother and she sharing their experiences with her children; and convincing Miklós Nyiszli (a prisoner-physician under Josef Mengele), whose wife and daughter she knew in Auschwitz, to write his memoirs. She contrasts her idyllic childhood with the Nazi and communist periods.

Author/Creator
K., Marta, 1924-
Published
Milwaukee, Wis. : Generation After of Milwaukee, 1990
Interview Date
January 11, 1990.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies:e and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Marta K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1420). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4283790
Record last modified: 2011-05-05 11:36:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4283790