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Markus K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1480) interviewed by Jay Cooperson and Naomi Klein

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1480

Videotape testimony of Markus K., who was born in Tarnów, Poland in 1909, one of six children. He recalls attending Polish gymnasium; antisemitic harassment; attending pharmaceutical school in Czechoslovakia; his brother's death in 1931; working in Warsaw; his father's death in 1935; military draft in 1939; German invasion in September; discharge in Tyszowce; traveling with his brother-in-law to Li︠u︡bomlʹ, Sokolya, and Lʹviv in the Soviet-occupied area; working in a pharmacy; trying to smuggle himself to rejoin his family in February 1940; arrest in Jarosław; a German releasing him at the Soviet border; returning to Lʹviv; deportation to a Soviet camp; a privileged position in the hospital as a pharmacist; transfer to Ulʹi︠a︡novsk in September 1941; completing his medical studies in 1943; draft into the Polish army near Moscow; never serving due to a six-month illness; repatriation to Poland after the war; working for the Joint in Skoczów; marriage; the births of his children; moving to Wrocław in 1953; working as a pharmacist; growing antisemitism; and emigration with his family to the United States via Vienna and Rome in 1969. Mr. K. details the murders of many relatives in Nazi camps, including his mother and sisters.

Author/Creator
K., Markus, 1909-
Published
Wilmington, Del. : Halina Wind Preston Holocaust Education Center, 1989
Interview Date
November 19, 1989.
Language
English
Copies
4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Marcus K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1480). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.