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Alejandro and Victoria Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1641) interviewed by Abraham Huberman

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1641

Videotape testimony of Alejandro Z., who was born near Piešt̕any, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy (presently Slovakia) in 1913, and his wife Victoria Z., who was born in Piešt̕any in 1910. Ms. Z., a Roman Catholic, recalls German occupation; her brother, who was the mayor, warning Jews of deportations and refusing to implement anti-Jewish measures; visiting her future husband, a Jew, when he was incarcerated; arranging the escape of her fiancé, his brother, and parents; finding a hiding place for them; arrest with them in October 1944; being sent to Ilava, then Brno; deportation to camps including Pankratz, Chemnitz, Leipzig, and Ravensbrück; slave labor in a munitions factory in Leipzig for seven months; escape with two others; hiding on farms; liberation by Soviet troops; returning home via Prague with assistance from the Red Cross; reunion with her fiancé; his imprisonment due to a former fascist who feared exposure; his escape to Vienna in 1949; and their emigration to Argentina. Mr. Z recalls attending Jewish and Czech schools; studying in Vienna; working in Bratislava; returning home; anti-Jewish measures after Slovak independence; his future wife and her family hiding him, his parents, and brother in 1944; their arrest; deportation to Gleiwitz, then Auschwitz; separation with his brother from his father (he never saw him again); slave labor; transfer with his brother to Gleiwitz; working as painters; receiving extra food from civilian workers; a death march in January 1945 to Blechhammer; liberation by Soviet troops; transfer to Częstochowa, then Kraków; returning home in April 1945; his fiancée's return; marriage; arrest in March 1948; escaping to Vienna; having his wife and children smuggled to Vienna; and their emigration to Argentina in 1952.

Author/Creator
Z., Alejandro, 1913-
Published
Buenos Aires, Argentina : Fundacion "Memoria del Holocausto", 1991
Interview Date
March 20, 1991.
Language
Spanish
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Alejandro Z. and Victoria Z. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1641). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.