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Chawka R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1821) interviewed by Nili Keren and Tamar Shushan,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1821

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    Videotape testimony of Chawka R., who was born in approximately 1925. She recalls living in Warsaw in a secular, Zionist home; bombings during the German invasion; ghettoization; organizing a Deror school; joining the underground; circulating clandestine papers; an aunt leaving her baby outside of the ghetto; nuns sheltering the baby, who survived; living in a Zionist commune; her father's displeasure that she did not stay with the family; leaving the ghetto as an underground courier using false papers; bringing food back for her family; smuggling papers and weapons; observing a mass killing of Jews while outside the ghetto; hearing non-Jews on trains discussing Jews being burned alive; declining to be hidden outside the ghetto due to her loyalty to her group; being sent to observe what was occurring at Treblinka; traveling with Yitzhak Zuckerman to Kraków for a meeting of the underground; being warned of a round-up by Marek Edelman; being caught and beaten by Germans; identifying herself as a Polish communist; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau as a non-Jew; members of the Polish underground helping each other; improved conditions in Harmęże; a death march to Ravensbrück; liberation; transfer to Malmö, Sweden, via Denmark, then to Lund; returning to Poland with Yitzhak Zuckerman; learning her brothers and father had been killed; the painful realization that despite her survival, almost every one else had been killed; her mother's emigration to Israel; and joining her and other relatives 1947. Ms. R. attributes her thirty-month survival in Auschwitz/Birkenau to her sense of purpose and friendships with other prisoners.
    R., Chawka, 1925?-
    Ramat Aviv, Israel : Beth Hatefutsoth, Nahum Goldman Museum of the Jewish Diaspora, 1986
    Interview Date
    June 30, 1986 and September 12, 1986.
    Warsaw (Poland)
    Kraków (Poland)
    Malmö (Sweden)
    Lund (Sweden)
    Cite As
    Chawka R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1821). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Keren, Nili, interviewer.
    Shushan, Tamar, interviewer.
    This testimony is in Hebrew.

    Physical Details

    4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    2 videorecordings (1 hr., 50 min., and 2 hr., 3 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    False papers.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Mutual aid.
    Mass killings.
    Postwar experiences.
    Postwar effects.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:53:00
    This page:

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