Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Gola A. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1889) interviewed by Bonnie Dwork and Kathy Strochlic,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1889

Videotape recording of Gola A., who was born in Tarnów, Poland in 1921. She recalls her orthodox childhood; attending public school; membership in a Zionist organization; German invasion; round-ups and shootings; ghettoization with her family; hiding with her mother during round-ups; a mass killing in the Jewish cemetery; a non-Jew briefly hiding her brother's children; forced labor in a clothing factory; one brother's deportation; deportation with two brothers to Płasźow in September 1943 (she never saw her parents, eldest brother, and other relatives again); slave labor; transfer to Auschwitz/Birkenau in August 1944; torturous appells and selections; staying with women from Tarńow; transfer to Mühlhausen in November; working in a munitions factory; transfer to Bergen-Belsen in March 1945; becoming ill; liberation by British troops; reunion with her one surviving brother (the other died two weeks after liberation); living in Neufreimann displaced persons camp; assistance from UNRRA; marriage; her son's birth; emigrating to the United States in 1949 with assistance from the Joint; and her daughter's birth. Mrs. A. discusses losing hope of survival in the camps; the importance of staying with her friends; reluctance to be videotaped; pervasive thoughts of her experiences and loss; and sharing her experiences with her children.

A., Gola, 1921-
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1991
Interview Date
November 18, 1991.
Tarnów (Województwo Małopolskie)
Tarnów (Województwo Małopolskie, Poland)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Gola A. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1889). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.