Esfira F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1935) interviewed by Jaschael Pery
- New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1991
- Interview Date
- November 27, 1991.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Esfira F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1935). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Esfira F., who was born in Belopolʹye, Soviet Union (now Ukraine) in 1924. She recalls friendly relations with non-Jews; attending Ukrainian school; German bombardment and invasion in 1941; anti-Jewish restrictions and violence; translating to the Germans for her kolkhoz director; refusing a marriage offer from a German soldier; ghettoization in Berdychiv; escaping; returning to Belopolʹye; escaping a mass killing with her family; escaping a mass killing by Germans and Ukrainian police in May 1942 with help from a German who pushed her into a pit (her mother and brother were killed); injuring herself in the fall; receiving care from Ukrainian peasants; reunion with her father and younger brother; her father's murder when he went for food; wandering about with her brother and staying with many peasants; liberation by Soviet troops in December 1944; her brother's military conscription (he was killed in 1945); returning to Belopolʹye; moving to Z︠H︡ytomyr to join her aunt; marriage to a widower; her son's birth; and emigration to Israel in 1991. Mrs. F. discusses her nightmares; visiting a peasant couple who often hid her and her brother; and encountering antisemitism after the war. She shows photographs.