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Annie J. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1992) interviewed by Bonnie Dwork and Barbara Pelzer

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1992

Videotape testimony of Annie J., who was born in Erlangen, Germany in 1900. She recounts moving to Nuremberg in 1915; her father's service in World War I; his death in 1924; anti-Jewish restrictions in the 1930s; ransacking of their apartment on Kristallnacht; moving to Paris with her mother in 1939; German invasion; incarceration in the Vélodrome d'Hiver; deportation to Gurs in May 1940; reunion with her mother; their release in October; living in Jurançon; attending synagogue in Pau; living in Nay from April to August 1942; a Catholic woman hiding them after they received deportation notices (the woman has been recognized by Yad Vashem); a futile attempt to smuggle themselves to Spain through the Pyrenees in August 1942; hiding in several places; their arrest; deportation to Gurs in October; a Catholic social worker arranging their release; living in a chateau from February 1943 to November 1944 with other "wanted" people; directing an OSE orphanage for Jewish children near Limoges; liberation; and emigration with her mother to the United States. Ms. J. notes their survival was due to help from ordinary French people; attending a reunion in Erlangen; her desire for reconciliation; and the uniqueness of each person's story.

Author/Creator
J., Annie, 1900-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1991
Interview Date
November 11, 1991.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Annie J. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1992). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.