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Annie J. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1992) interviewed by Bonnie Dwork and Barbara Pelzer,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1992

Videotape testimony of Annie J., who was born in Erlangen, Germany in 1900. She recounts moving to Nuremberg in 1915; her father's service in World War I; his death in 1924; anti-Jewish restrictions in the 1930s; ransacking of their apartment on Kristallnacht; moving to Paris with her mother in 1939; German invasion; incarceration in the Vélodrome d'Hiver; deportation to Gurs in May 1940; reunion with her mother; their release in October; living in Jurançon; attending synagogue in Pau; living in Nay from April to August 1942; a Catholic woman hiding them after they received deportation notices (the woman has been recognized by Yad Vashem); a futile attempt to smuggle themselves to Spain through the Pyrenees in August 1942; hiding in several places; their arrest; deportation to Gurs in October; a Catholic social worker arranging their release; living in a chateau from February 1943 to November 1944 with other "wanted" people; directing an OSE orphanage for Jewish children near Limoges; liberation; and emigration with her mother to the United States. Ms. J. notes their survival was due to help from ordinary French people; attending a reunion in Erlangen; her desire for reconciliation; and the uniqueness of each person's story.

Author/Creator
J., Annie, 1900-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1991
Interview Date
November 11, 1991.
Locale
France
Germany
Erlangen (Germany)
Nuremberg (Germany)
Paris (France)
Jurançon (France)
Pau (France)
Nay (France)
Pyrenees
Limoges (France)
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Annie J. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1992). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.