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Natalie S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1996) interviewed by Toby Blum-Dobkin

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1996

Videotape testimony of Natalie S., who was born in Kraków, Poland in 1934. She recounts moving to Kałusz before the war; Soviet occupation; state confiscation of the family property; German invasion in 1941; a mass killing including her father; ghettoization; hiding during round-ups; her mother obtaining Polish documents for both of them; traveling to Lemberg; arrest by Ukrainian police; release when her mother bribed them; moving frequently to avoid detection; constant fear of discovery; living with a seamstress; attending Catholic services which she found comforting; exposure by the person to whom her mother sold her jewelry; their arrest and imprisonment; maintaining their Polish identities according to their documents; their transfer to Ravensbrück in 1944 as non-Jewish Poles; remaining with her mother; nurturing from many Polish prisoners; liberation; transfer to Sweden in May 1945; recovering from typhoid and tuberculosis; living in Stockholm; and emigrating to the United States in 1947. Mrs. S. discusses instantly growing up after German invasion; relief at arriving at Ravensbrück, no longer fearing discovery; relations between prisoner groups; not resuming their Jewish identities until arriving in the U.S.; and her initial desire not to share her experiences, which led to future emotional difficulties.

Author/Creator
S., Natalie, 1934-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1991
Interview Date
November 13, 1991.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Natalie S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1996). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.