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Frederic B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2016) interviewed by Jaschael Pery

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2016

Videotape testimony of Frederic B., who was born in Karlsbad, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy in 1915. He recalls growing up in Kraków; his close, extended family; attending Polish school; occasional antisemitism; studying architecture; joining a Zionist organization; working in Katowice; German invasion; fleeing with his brother east to Jarosław; returning to Kraków; forced labor; ghettoization in 1941; working in an architectural firm (an exemption from deportation); round-ups including his parents and girlfriend; hearing of the resistance; seeing his father's corpse in a pile of hundreds (he never saw his mother or girlfriend again); transfer with his brother to Płasźow in March 1943; executions and beatings; escaping; obtaining false papers; hiding with friends and on a farm with his brother for seven months; paying to be smuggled to Slovakia; train travel to Jordanów; arrest by Slovak border guards; incarceration in Mikula; release; employment on a farm and in Sered ̕(his brother worked elsewhere); meeting his wife; hiding in bunkers in a forest and with a farmer; liberation by Soviet troops; living in Kežmarok; moving to Mikula; and emigration to the United States in 1954. Mr. B. notes better conditions in Slovak camps than those in Poland and the importance of luck to his survival.

Author/Creator
B., Frederic, 1915-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1991
Interview Date
December 4, 1991.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Frederic B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2016). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.