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Elias R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2030) interviewed by Naomi Rappaport

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2030

Videotape testimony of Elias R., who was born in Thessalonikē, Greece in 1932. He recalls details of Jewish life; traveling with his mother to Athens for his uncle's wedding; remaining there in order to be under Italian occupation (Thessalonikē was under German control); having his brother smuggled to Athens; returning to Thessalonikē; ghettoization; obtaining exit documents from Spain (his mother was Spanish); hiding during round-ups; his father's deportation (he did not return); escaping with his mother and brother to Athens with help from the underground; departing in a German military train; a search in Belgrade revealing they had secret Spanish diplomatic correspondence; having to leave the train in Vienna because the correspondence was discovered; the Spanish government facilitating their continuing on to Paris, then Madrid; assistance from the Joint; British intelligence encouraging them to report on their journey; moving to Tel Aviv; joining an uncle in Cairo; returning to Athens in 1945; learning that most of Thessalonikē's Jews had perished; his mother's futile attempt to reclaim family property; and their emigration to the United States in 1951. Mr. R. notes reluctance to discuss his experience with his brother, mother, and son.

Author/Creator
R., Elias, 1932-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1992
Interview Date
April 14, 1992.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Elias R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2030). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.