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Harold K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2040) interviewed by Naomi Rappaport,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2040

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Harold K., who was born in Sosnowiec, Poland in 1920. He recalls his impoverished home; their orthodoxy; leaving school to begin working at age twelve; Polish antisemitism; German invasion; a public hanging of Jews; forced labor as a bricklayer in Katowice; transfer to a labor camp; arrest while visiting home; release and transfer to Annaberg, which he helped build; Allied bombardments; Yom Kippur services; his privileged status as a bricklayer; visiting his family in the Sosnowiec ghetto; transfer to Auschwitz in June 1944, then to Birkenau and Gleiwitz; a death march in December 1944; train transport to Oranienburg (about twenty percent of those who left Gleiwitz survived); transfer to another camp; digging tunnels for airplane factories; transfer to Dachau; liberation by United States troops; selling food and material provided by an American officer; living in Munich; returning briefly to Sosnowiec (neither his parents nor siblings survived); marriage to a survivor; and emigration in 1949 to the United States with assistance from HIAS. Mr. K. discusses the importance of luck to his survival; being treated well by Americans at liberation; painful memories of total humiliation; and sharing his experiences with his children and grandchildren.
    Author/Creator
    K., Harold, 1920-
    Published
    New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1992
    Interview Date
    May 14, 1992.
    Locale
    Poland
    Sosnowiec (Województwo Śląskie)
    Sosnowiec (Województwo Śląskie, Poland)
    Katowice (Poland)
    Munich (Germany)
    Cite As
    Harold K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2040). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Rappaport, Naomi, interviewer.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (2 hr., 31 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Mass killings.
    Postwar experiences.
    Survivor-child relations.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4286059
    Record last modified:
    2018-06-04 13:27:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4286059

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