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Bronisława W. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2179) interviewed by Rayzl Kalifowicz-Waletsky

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2179

Videotape testimony of Bronisława W., who was born in Warsaw, Poland in 1919. Ms. W. recalls her family's assimilated lifestyle; her father's death and mother's remarriage; beatings by her alcoholic stepfather; transferring to a Jewish school to avoid antisemitic harassment; helping support the family after her mother's divorce; ghettoization with her mother and sister in 1940 (her brother escaped to the Soviet zone and survived); selling their store to Poles who refused to pay them; working in the children's hospital which provided access to food, medicine and passes to leave the ghetto; extraordinary efforts of the hospital's staff, director (Dr. Szwajgier), and ethnic German supervisor to care for the children; working as a courier for underground movements; rescuing her sister from deportation in July 1942 (she was unable to rescue her mother); placing her sister in an apartment on the Aryan side; her sister's arrest (she never saw her again); moving to the Aryan side; living with Dr. Szwajgier; working for the Bund obtaining hiding places and false papers; constant danger; and meeting her future husband. She notes some Poles provided assistance for religious reasons and some for money.

Author/Creator
W., Bronisława, 1919-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1992
Interview Date
March 8, 1992.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Bronisława W. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2179). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4286626
Record last modified: 2010-07-29 18:55:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4286626