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Lenke Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2306) interviewed by Stephen Zora,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2306

Videotape testimony of Lenke Z., who was born in Sevluš, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy (presently Vynohradiv, Ukraine) in 1914. She recounts being raised by an aunt after her parents' death; attending a Jewish gymnasium in Mukacheve; marriage in 1937; moving to Nitra; her son's birth; antisemitic laws after the establishment of independent Slovakia; "Aryanization" of their business; an aborted attempt to smuggle themselves from Humenné to Hungary in 1943; returning to Nitra; arranging to hide with non-Jewish friends during a round-up in October 1944; her husband's nervous breakdown; hiding with her son in Jarok; receiving warnings of German raids from a priest; living in a peasant's barn until January 1945; leaving when it became too dangerous; going from farm to farm; hiding in the forests for six weeks; Christian peasants bringing them food; liberation in April; returning to Nitra; learning most Jews had perished, including her husband; living in Sejdorf (Okrouhlička); devastation upon returning to her childhood home and realizing her entire family had perished; marriage; living in Bratislava; and pervasive antisemitism. Mrs. Z. discusses her son's suicide at age forty-two (his father's age when he was killed) and enjoying visits to the United States due to the open appreciation of Jewish culture.

Author/Creator
Z., Lenke, 1914-
Published
Peabody Mass. : Holocaust Center of the Jewish Federation of the North Shore, 1988
Interview Date
May 18, 1988.
Locale
Vynohradiv (Ukraine)
Austria
Mukacheve (Ukraine)
Nitra (Slovakia)
Humenné (Slovakia)
Jarok (Slovakia)
Okrouhlička (Czech Republic)
Language
Slovak
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Lenke Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2306). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
 
View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4287289
Record last modified: 2018-05-29 11:58:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4287289