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Lenke Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2306) interviewed by Stephen Zora

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2306

Videotape testimony of Lenke Z., who was born in Sevluš, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy (presently Vynohradiv, Ukraine) in 1914. She recounts being raised by an aunt after her parents' death; attending a Jewish gymnasium in Mukacheve; marriage in 1937; moving to Nitra; her son's birth; antisemitic laws after the establishment of independent Slovakia; "Aryanization" of their business; an aborted attempt to smuggle themselves from Humenné to Hungary in 1943; returning to Nitra; arranging to hide with non-Jewish friends during a round-up in October 1944; her husband's nervous breakdown; hiding with her son in Jarok; receiving warnings of German raids from a priest; living in a peasant's barn until January 1945; leaving when it became too dangerous; going from farm to farm; hiding in the forests for six weeks; Christian peasants bringing them food; liberation in April; returning to Nitra; learning most Jews had perished, including her husband; living in Sejdorf (Okrouhlička); devastation upon returning to her childhood home and realizing her entire family had perished; marriage; living in Bratislava; and pervasive antisemitism. Mrs. Z. discusses her son's suicide at age forty-two (his father's age when he was killed) and enjoying visits to the United States due to the open appreciation of Jewish culture.

Author/Creator
Z., Lenke, 1914-
Published
Peabody Mass. : Holocaust Center of the Jewish Federation of the North Shore, 1988
Interview Date
May 18, 1988.
Language
Slovak
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Lenke Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2306). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4287289
Record last modified: 2011-05-05 11:37:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4287289