Ralph A. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2416) interviewed by Henry M. Strage and Jane Barclay
- London, England : British Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
- Interview Date
- October 2, 1993.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Ralph A. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2416). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Ralph A., who was born in Essen, Germany in 1927 and raised in Recklinghausen. He recalls cordial relations with non-Jews; attending a Jewish elementary school; antisemitic harassment in the German high school; arrest of his father and uncle and vandalizing of their home on Kristallnacht; confiscation of their business; release of his father and uncle ten days later; his uncle's emigration to Palestine; anti-Jewish restrictions; attending a Jewish school in Cologne; his bar mitzvah in 1940; deportation with his family to the Rīga ghetto in 1942; his transfer to Kaiserwald (he never saw his parents again); slave labor; his uncle and aunt arranging his transfer to join them and his cousin; shooting of his uncle; transfer with his aunt and cousin to Stutthof; separation from his cousin (he never saw him again); transfer to Buchenwald, then Bochum; slave labor in a Krupp munitions factory and a quarry; return to Buchenwald nine months later; a Dutch prisoner hiding him in the Dutch block when Jews were being killed; transfer to Theresienstadt; liberation by Soviet troops; recuperating until June; returning home with assistance from Soviet and United States troops; futile attempts to reclaim family property; one aunt's return; assistance from the Joint; illegal emigration to Palestine; reunion with his uncle; joining the Haganah; seven years of military service; his aunt obtaining reparation payments for his education; emigration to England in 1955; completing polytechnic studies; marriage in 1963; and the births of two children. Mr. A. discusses his belief that almost all Germans knew what was happening to the Jews; the critical opinion of survivors expressed by most Israelis while he was there; and attending a survivors' meeting in Israel in 1981. He shows photographs and documents.