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Ralph A. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2416) interviewed by Henry M. Strage and Jane Barclay,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2416

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    Videotape testimony of Ralph A., who was born in Essen, Germany in 1927 and raised in Recklinghausen. He recalls cordial relations with non-Jews; attending a Jewish elementary school; antisemitic harassment in the German high school; arrest of his father and uncle and vandalizing of their home on Kristallnacht; confiscation of their business; release of his father and uncle ten days later; his uncle's emigration to Palestine; anti-Jewish restrictions; attending a Jewish school in Cologne; his bar mitzvah in 1940; deportation with his family to the Rīga ghetto in 1942; his transfer to Kaiserwald (he never saw his parents again); slave labor; his uncle and aunt arranging his transfer to join them and his cousin; shooting of his uncle; transfer with his aunt and cousin to Stutthof; separation from his cousin (he never saw him again); transfer to Buchenwald, then Bochum; slave labor in a Krupp munitions factory and a quarry; return to Buchenwald nine months later; a Dutch prisoner hiding him in the Dutch block when Jews were being killed; transfer to Theresienstadt; liberation by Soviet troops; recuperating until June; returning home with assistance from Soviet and United States troops; futile attempts to reclaim family property; one aunt's return; assistance from the Joint; illegal emigration to Palestine; reunion with his uncle; joining the Haganah; seven years of military service; his aunt obtaining reparation payments for his education; emigration to England in 1955; completing polytechnic studies; marriage in 1963; and the births of two children. Mr. A. discusses his belief that almost all Germans knew what was happening to the Jews; the critical opinion of survivors expressed by most Israelis while he was there; and attending a survivors' meeting in Israel in 1981. He shows photographs and documents.
    A., Ralph, 1927-
    London, England : British Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
    Interview Date
    October 2, 1993.
    Essen (Germany)
    Recklinghausen (Münster, Germany)
    Cologne (Germany)
    Cite As
    Ralph A. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2416). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Strage, Henry M., interviewer.

    Physical Details

    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (2 hr., 55 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Crystal Night, 1938.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Mutual aid.
    Postwar experiences.
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Children. Jewish children in the Holocaust. Kristallnacht, 1938. Bar mitzvah. Jews--Latvia--Rīga. Concentration camp inmates--Family relationships. Forced labor. Quarries and quarrying. Public opinion--Israel. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Public opinion. Germany. Essen (Germany) Recklinghausen (Münster, Germany) Cologne (Germany) Palestine--Emigration and immigration. Oral histories (document genres) A., Ralph,--1927- Kaiserwald (Concentration camp) Stutthof (Concentration camp) Buchenwald (Concentration camp) Fried. Krupp AG. Theresienstadt (Concentration camp) American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. Haganah (Organization)

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-06-04 13:25:00
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