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Paul and Rudi O. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2424) interviewed by Henry M. Strage

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2424

Videotape testimony of Paul and Rudi O., brothers who were born in Berlin, Germany in 1928 and 1931 respectively. They recall an assimilated lifestyle, not celebrating any Jewish holidays; attending public school; emigrating to join their father's brother in England; attending school in Kilburn; their sister's birth; moving to Heedstede, Netherlands for their father's employment; German invasion in May 1940; anti-Jewish restrictions; forced relocation to Amsterdam in 1942; their Jewish identities becoming important to them; their protected status due to their sister's British citizenship; incarceration in Westerbork; receiving packages from friends; transfer to Bergen-Belsen in January 1944; assignment to the Star camp as exchange prisoners due to their sister's citizenship; deteriorating conditions after the arrival of prisoners from other camps in early 1945; the deaths of their mother and father; traveling on a train for three weeks; liberation by Soviet troops in late April; hospitalization; transfer to United States authorities in Leipzig; transport to Maastricht; living in a Jewish orphanage near Amsterdam; emigration to join their uncle in England in November; continuing their educations; and their careers. They note not discussing their experiences for many years and Paul O. recently speaking publicly to young people.

Author/Creator
O., Paul, 1928-
Published
London, England : British Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
Interview Date
March 25, 1993.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Paul and Rudi O. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2424). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.