Paul and Rudi O. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2424) interviewed by Henry M. Strage
- London, England : British Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
- Interview Date
- March 25, 1993.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Paul and Rudi O. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2424). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Paul and Rudi O., brothers who were born in Berlin, Germany in 1928 and 1931 respectively. They recall an assimilated lifestyle, not celebrating any Jewish holidays; attending public school; emigrating to join their father's brother in England; attending school in Kilburn; their sister's birth; moving to Heedstede, Netherlands for their father's employment; German invasion in May 1940; anti-Jewish restrictions; forced relocation to Amsterdam in 1942; their Jewish identities becoming important to them; their protected status due to their sister's British citizenship; incarceration in Westerbork; receiving packages from friends; transfer to Bergen-Belsen in January 1944; assignment to the Star camp as exchange prisoners due to their sister's citizenship; deteriorating conditions after the arrival of prisoners from other camps in early 1945; the deaths of their mother and father; traveling on a train for three weeks; liberation by Soviet troops in late April; hospitalization; transfer to United States authorities in Leipzig; transport to Maastricht; living in a Jewish orphanage near Amsterdam; emigration to join their uncle in England in November; continuing their educations; and their careers. They note not discussing their experiences for many years and Paul O. recently speaking publicly to young people.