Irene F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2483) interviewed by Rivie Zeiler
- Mahwah, N.J. : Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 1993
- Interview Date
- February 26, 1993.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Irene F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2483). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Irene F., who was born in Drohobych, Poland (presently Ukraine) in 1931, the youngest of three children. She recounts her family's affluence; Soviet occupation in September 1939; moving to avoid deportation to Siberia; German invasion in 1941; an immediate pogrom; hiding with non-Jews for three days; her brother's illness and death; her father and sister obtaining jobs exempting them from deportation; her father trading goods for food; hiding with her mother during round-ups; organizing classes with other children; her father obtaining work papers for her as a kitchen worker; sleeping in a basement to avoid round-ups; the family being caught; her mother running so she would not have to witness their shooting; hearing gunfire; their release; returning to their quarters; finding her mother, who had been slightly wounded; her father contacting their former maid who smuggled her out of the ghetto; hiding with her by herself for ten months; her mother joining her; arrival of her father and sister when the ghetto was liquidated; her father leaving because they could not all hide in one room; a religious Christian hiding her father and bringing them news of him monthly; informing them her father had been caught; liberation by Soviets in June 1944; their clandestine departure to protect their rescuer from antisemitic reprisals; traveling to Kraków; reunion with her father; their rescuer living with them as a cherished family member; attending school; pervasive antisemitism; and emigration with her family to Israel in 1950, then to the United States in 1954. Ms. F. discusses not sharing her experiences for many years; writing about them for her son; continuing contact with their rescuer; and she and her sister bringing her to the United States for a six-week visit in the 1970s.