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Arthur R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2574) interviewed by Joni-Sue Blinderman

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2574

Videotape testimony of Arthur R., who was born in Derecske, Hungary in 1928, one of seven children. In a reflective and detailed testimony, he remembers centering their life on the synagogue, religious school, Sabbath, and Jewish holidays; increasing antisemitism in the mid-1930s; rescinding of Jewish business licenses, including his father's; increasing poverty; his father's draft into a Hungarian forced labor battalion; German occupation in 1944; ghettoization in Nagyvárad (Oradea); deportation to Auschwitz; separation from his mother and younger brothers (they perished); pervasive hunger; maintaining contact with one brother and sister (they did not survive); selections; volunteering for transport thinking he could not survive in Auschwitz; transfer to Braunschweig; slave labor at a truck factory; help from his German supervisor; praying daily; the factory's destruction in Allied bombings; transfer to Watenstedt, Ravensbrück, and Woebbelin; liberation by United States troops; recovering at a military hospital, then in Helsingborg, Sweden; learning his father survived; and emigrating to the United States. Mr. R. discusses difficulties completing school with much younger students; reunion with his father; his marriage and children; recurring nightmares of leaving his home; and a disturbing visit to Germany. He shows photographs, documents, and artifacts.

Author/Creator
R., Arthur, 1928-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1993
Interview Date
April 1, 1993.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Arthur R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2574). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.