Bella R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2585) interviewed by Gabriele Schiff and Helen W. Silverman
- New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1993
- Interview Date
- May 17, 1993.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Bella R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2585). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Bella R., who was born in Sosnowiec, Poland in 1926. In this detailed testimony, Mrs. R. recalls antisemitic incidents; German invasion; briefly fleeing to Wolbrom; returning to Sosnowiec; anti-Jewish violence; ghettoization; conflicts between the Judenrat and the underground; avoiding deportation due to the family business; transfer to the Srodula ghetto; hiding in a bunker in August 1943; discovery (one brother was killed and her parents taken); remaining in the bunker with her sister and brother for seven days; leaving after her siblings had gone; capture by a Pole; transfer to the Kamionka ghetto; escaping to Będzin; help from a Polish family friend and a Polish woman; returning to Kamionka; reunion with her brother and sister; their transfer to Annaberg; transfer with her sister to another camp; slave labor in a textile factory; transfer to Grünberg; the death march in January 1945 to Christianstadt; her sister's escape, then her own with friends; liberation by Soviet troops; finding her sister; returning to Sosnowiec; reunion with her father; joining her mother and another sister in the Bergen-Belsen displaced persons camp; marriage; and emigration to Israel in 1950, and then to the United States in 1963. She shows photographs and notes relatives who did not survive.