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Kristine K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2687) interviewed by Naomi Rappaport,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2687

Videotape testimony of Kristine K., who was born in Lʹvov, Poland in 1935. She recounts their affluence; her brother's birth; Soviet occupation; confiscation of the family business; German invasion; hiding with her brother during round-ups; ghettoization; her father organizing their escape with others by digging a tunnel to the sewers; sewer workers who agreed to help them; escape with her parents, brother, and others to the sewers in June 1943; moving several times within the sewers; one worker, Socha, consistently helping them, even after they had no funds; her uncle's drowning death; her father telling jokes, reciting poetry, and putting on plays; liberation by Soviet troops in July 1944; fleeing to Przemyśl, then Kraków to escape Soviet rule; antisemitic harassment; her father changing their name to sound "more Polish"; posing as a Catholic in school; their emigration to Israel in 1957; attending dental school; marriage; her son's birth; emigration to the United States in 1968; and another son's birth. Ms. K. discusses continuing contact with friends from the sewer; nightmares resulting from her experiences; and sharing her story with her children and students. She shows photographs, documents, memorabilia, and a book about her experience.

K., Kristine, 1935-
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1993
Interview Date
October 25, 1993.
Lʹviv (Ukraine)
Przemyśl (Poland)
Kraków (Poland)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Kristine K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2687). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
View in Yale University Library Catalog:
Record last modified: 2018-06-04 13:31:00
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