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Bernard R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2718) interviewed by Joni-Sue Blinderman

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2718

Videotape testimony of Rabbi Bernard R., who was born in Ti︠a︡chiv, Czechoslovakia (presently Ukraine) in 1924. He recalls his rabbinic family; attending yeshiva, then teaching there; Hungarian occupation; his father's deportation to Romania; hiding with his mother; briefly moving to Mukacheve; returning home when deportations started; moving to Oradea (Grosswardein); tutoring at a yeshiva; obtaining false papers to avoid deportation; German occupation in 1944; a futile attempt to enter Romania; building bunkers; ghettoization; working outside of the ghetto; brief detention; hiding in a bunker during a round-up; discovery by the Hungarian police; a brutal interrogation; forced labor in the ghetto; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau; learning his mother and sister were there; establishing contact with them; continuing to pray in a group; assignment to the kommando dismantling a crematorium; remaining behind when the camp was evacuated; desertion of the guards; and liberation by Soviet troops. Rabbi R. recalls reunion with his sister in Bucharest (his mother had perished); reunion with his father in Prague; marriage to a cousin; and emigration to the United States. Rabbi R. emphasizes the importance of his religious faith and shows family photographs.

Author/Creator
R., Bernard, 1924-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1993
Interview Date
June 9, 1993.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Bernard R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2718). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.