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Palomba F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2779) interviewed by Jaša Almuli

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2779

Videotape testimony of Palomba F., who was born in Thessalonikē, Greece in 1923, the fourth of six children. She recalls attending a French school; working from age eleven; German occupation; one brother's conscription for forced labor (he was killed); deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau on March 20, 1943; remaining with her sister who was pregnant; sharing food with her; her disappearance; solidarity among Greek prisoners; assignment to the shoe commando; seeing her brother once; agreeing they would meet in Thessalonikē after the war; her group of friends hiding one of them when she gave birth (they killed the infant and the mother died); Mala Zimetbaum's public suicide; losing her teeth in a severe beating; public hanging of four women who supplied the Sonderkommando with explosives; hospitalization; a death march, then train transport to Ravensbrück in January 1945; transfer to Malchow; assistance from an Austrian civilian worker; liberation by Soviet troops in May; Soviet troops raping her and others; assistance from French survivors; returning to Thessalonikē, hoping to find relatives (none survived); marriage; and the births of three children. Ms. F. discusses relations between national groups in camps; constant fear of death; and the importance of being with other Greeks to her survival.

Author/Creator
F., Palomba, 1923-
Published
Thessalonikē, Greece : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
Interview Date
June 4, 1993.
Language
Ladino
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Palomba F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2779). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4288773
Record last modified: 2014-12-10 14:04:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4288773