Philip V. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2851) interviewed by Annette Wieviorka and Henri Borlant
- Paris, France : Témoignages pour mémoire, 1994
- Interview Date
- March 10, 1994.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Philip V. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2851). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Philip V., who was born in France in 1929. He describes his assimilated family life and strong French identity; attending schools in Vaucresson and Neuilly; his father's death; German invasion in May 1940, fleeing with his family to Les Sables-d'Olonne; their return to Paris months later; fleeing to the unoccupied zone in 1941; living in Bagnères-de-Luchon; his Jewish education and identity formation by Mila Racine; hearing of rounds-up of Jews; fleeing to Italian-occupied Nice, then to Aix-les-Bains two months later in early 1943; denouncement in December 1943; his family negotiating who would be deported (they still had gold); their decision that he would be deported to Drancy, instead of his grandfather, with his mother, two uncles, and one aunt (another aunt and cousins remained); their deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau three weeks later; transfer with his uncles to Monowitz; a kapo taking his good shoes (his uncle was beaten trying to help him); slave labor; hospitalization; his uncles bringing him extra food; a privileged position when he recovered due to his uncles' intervention; evacuation in January 1945; a brief stay in Gleiwitz; transport in open freight cars to Buchenwald; Czechs throwing them food from overpasses; brief transfer to another camp, then back to Buchenwald; and liberation by United States troops.
Mr. V. recounts transfer to Erfurt; returning to Paris; assistance from the Red Cross; reunion with his mother and other relatives (one uncle did not return); brief French military service (he was released as a survivor); emigration to the United States; draft into the U.S. military; serving in Germany, then France; attending university on the G.I. bill; and returning to France. He discusses relations between prisoner groups in camps (national and political); his feelings about being chosen for deportation instead of his grandfather; recurring nightmares; and sharing his story with his children and other young people.