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Bela K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2885) interviewed by Lawrence L. Langer

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2885

Videotape testimony of Bela K., who was born in Łódź, Poland in 1929. She recounts a happy childhood despite pervasive antisemitism; a large extended family; her father's mobilization immediately before the war; German invasion; her father's return, seriously wounded; ghettoization; her father's death; forced labor; the deaths of many relatives; hiding during round-ups of children; her grandfather's death; hiding during the ghetto's liquidation; discovery; deportation to Auschwitz; separation from everyone but one aunt; learning about the gas chambers; assistance from her aunt when she was ill and hospitalized; transfer to Oederan; slave labor manufacturing munitions; transfer in March 1945 to Theresienstadt; liberation by Soviet troops; wanting to take revenge, but demurring upon realizing the Germans were humans too; transfer to Prague with other children, then to a group home in Windermere, England; emigrating to join relatives in the United States; and her aunt's arrival. Ms. K. discusses the importance to her survival of being with her aunt; their continuing close relationship; sharing her story with her children; and her inability to be completely happy due to her experiences. She shows photographs.

Author/Creator
K., Bela, 1929-
Published
Brookline, Mass. : Brookline Holocaust Memorial Committee, 1991
Interview Date
May 14, 1991.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Bela K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2885). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4289090
Record last modified: 2013-09-18 12:19:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4289090