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Toby Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2891) interviewed by Tina Weinberger and Kathy McIntyre,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2891

Videotape testimony of Toby Z., who was born in Ulanów, Poland in 1918. She recounts her mother's death; her father's remarriage; a good relationship with her stepmother; the births of five siblings; moving to Tarnów; increasing antisemitism; German invasion in September 1939; ghettoization; forced labor outside the ghetto as a seamstress; smuggling food; deportation of her family except her older brother; her deportation to Płaszów; public hangings of food smugglers; transfer to Skarżysko-Kamienna; slave labor with a poisonous chemical in a munitions factor; assistance from other prisoners and a German supervisor when she had typhus; transfer to Liepzig; a German worker bringing her food; fasting on Yom Kippur; a death march in March 1945; liberation by Soviet troops; assistance from the Red Cross; fearing rape by Soviet soldiers; traveling to Częstochowa, then Łódź; meeting her future husband; marriage in June; moving to the Wolfratshausen displaced persons camp; recovering for a year from tuberculosis in a sanatorium and a home near Munich; a joyous reunion with a cousin; the births of two children; and emigration to the United States in 1950. Mrs. Z. discusses the importance to her survival of maintaining faith and hope.

Author/Creator
Z., Toby, 1918-
Published
San Antonio, Tex. : Children of the Holocaust-Second Generation of San Antonio, 1990
Interview Date
September 9, 1990.
Locale
Poland
Tarnów (Województwo Małopolskie)
Ulanów (Województwo Podkarpackie, Poland)
Tarnów (Województwo Małopolskie, Poland)
Łódź (Poland)
Częstochowa (Poland)
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Toby Z. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2891). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.