Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Leon F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2903) interviewed by Naomi Rappaport

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2903

Videotape of Leon F., who was born in Białystok, Poland in 1919. He remembers the vibrant Jewish community; Polish antisemitism; brief German occupation, then Soviet occupation; German invasion in June 1941; Germans burning Jews alive in the synagogue and Jewish quarter; his family's rescue by a Pole; ghettoization; forced labor; escaping from a round-up in which his father was killed; the Judenrat organizing a transfer to the Pruzh︠a︡ny ghetto for him, his mother, and one sister; obtaining food from non-Jewish farmers; liquidation of the ghetto in January 1943; deportation to Auschwitz; separation from his mother and sister (he never saw them again); abusive kapos; hospitalization; surviving selections with help from other prisoners; evacuation to Sachsenhausen, then Ohrdruf; the death march to Buchenwald; liberation by United States troops; and not taking revenge on guards due to his weakness. Mr. F. recalls a hospital convalescence; revenging himself by beating several Germans; transfer to Landsberg displaced persons camp; help from the Joint; emigrating to the United States; and marriage. He discusses not sharing his experiences with his children, wanting them to be "normal"; later responding to his son's desire to know; a recent trip to Poland with his son; and dreams about his past.

Author/Creator
F., Leon, 1919-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1994
Interview Date
May 23, 1994.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Leon F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2903). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Expand all
 
View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4289218
Record last modified: 2013-11-11 14:12:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4289218