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Leon F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2903) interviewed by Naomi Rappaport,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2903

Videotape of Leon F., who was born in Białystok, Poland in 1919. He remembers the vibrant Jewish community; Polish antisemitism; brief German occupation, then Soviet occupation; German invasion in June 1941; Germans burning Jews alive in the synagogue and Jewish quarter; his family's rescue by a Pole; ghettoization; forced labor; escaping from a round-up in which his father was killed; the Judenrat organizing a transfer to the Pruzh︠a︡ny ghetto for him, his mother, and one sister; obtaining food from non-Jewish farmers; liquidation of the ghetto in January 1943; deportation to Auschwitz; separation from his mother and sister (he never saw them again); abusive kapos; hospitalization; surviving selections with help from other prisoners; evacuation to Sachsenhausen, then Ohrdruf; the death march to Buchenwald; liberation by United States troops; and not taking revenge on guards due to his weakness. Mr. F. recalls a hospital convalescence; revenging himself by beating several Germans; transfer to Landsberg displaced persons camp; help from the Joint; emigrating to the United States; and marriage. He discusses not sharing his experiences with his children, wanting them to be "normal"; later responding to his son's desire to know; a recent trip to Poland with his son; and dreams about his past.

F., Leon, 1919-
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1994
Interview Date
May 23, 1994.
Białystok (Poland)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Leon F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2903). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
View in Yale University Library Catalog:
Record last modified: 2018-05-29 11:42:00
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