Erika M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2932) interviewed by Joni-Sue Blinderman
- New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1994
- Interview Date
- March 24, 1994.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Erika M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2932). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Erika M., who was born in Budapest, Hungary in 1932. She recalls her happy, observant and prosperous life in a close, extended family; attending Jewish school; hearing discussions of the situation in Vienna (her grandmother lived there); the outbreak of war; harboring Polish Jewish refugees; round-ups of non-Hungarian Jews; her father's conscription into a forced labor battalion; German occupation in March 1944; anti-Jewish measures, including the yellow star; moving with her parents into her grandmother's apartment, a Jewish-designated house; her grandfather's arrest (she never saw him again); her family's incarceration with other Jews in a synagogue; fear that they would be shot; their release; staying in a Swedish safe house with her mother; having to leave her maternal grandmother there (she died); hiding elsewhere with her parents; Arrow Cross searches; moving to another hiding place; liberation by Soviet troops; her paternal grandmother's death from typhus; returning to their former apartment; attending school and university; marriage; the 1956 Hungarian Revolution; illegally entering Austria with her husband; their emigration to the United States; and her parents' deaths. Mrs. M. notes she feels both lucky and guilty to have survived.