Irene M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2933) interviewed by Naomi Rappaport
- New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-New York Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1994
- Interview Date
- May 24, 1994.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Irene M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2933). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Irene M., who was born in Janów, Poland (presently Ivano-Frankovo, Ukraine) in 1924. She recalls her family's move to Zimna Voda; attending a Jewish school in Lʹviv; joining Deror; Soviet occupation; German invasion; anti-Jewish restrictions; assistance from non-Jewish neighbors; hiding with one brother during deportations in August 1942 (she never saw her parents again); acquiring false birth certificates for them both; their flight to Kraków, then Krosno, posing as non-Jews; refusing to follow relatives' advice to enter a labor camp; finding employment in a German store; attending her cousin's wedding in the ghetto; being brazen in encounters with suspicious Germans and Poles; attending church weekly; learning her brother was killed as a Pole in reprisal for underground activities; unsuccessfully seeking shelter in Janów, then Lʹviv; returning to Krosno in May 1944; hiding in a village as a non-Jew; and liberation by Soviet troops. Mrs. M. describes marriage in May 1945; working for the Soviets; their escape to Teplice; moving to Bensheim displaced persons camp, then Frankfurt; learning her older brother had survived in the Soviet Union; the birth of her sons; and their emigration to the United States in 1956. She discusses constant fear during the war and reluctance to share her experiences with her children.