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Rosa F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3032) interviewed by Jean Gerber

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3032

Videotape testimony of Rosa F., who was born on Rhodes Island, Greece. She describes her happy childhood in a vibrant Jewish community; cordial relations with non-Jews; Italian occupation; anti-Jewish laws in 1938; one sister's emigration to Africa; her decision not to emigrate in order to remain with her family; German occupation; learning of the deportations of Salonika's Jews; deportation of all Jews in Rhodes to Greece in July 1944; transport to Auschwitz; separation from her parents upon arrival (she never saw them again); language difficulties; singing songs written by an Italian prisoner; observing Yom Kippur; separation from her sisters (they did not survive) when she was transferred to Wilischtal in October; forced labor at an munitions factory; public execution of an escapee; the death march to Chemnitz in March 1945; transfer to Theresienstadt; and liberation by Soviet troops in May. Mrs. F. recounts traveling to Rome; assistance from UNRRA and the Joint; emigrating to Brazil; reunion with her sister in Salisbury, Rhodesia in 1948; marriage; the births of her daughters; and emigrating to the United States, then Canada, thirty years later. She discusses her conception of Auschwitz as "another world"; continuing nightmares; and reluctantly sharing her experiences with her children.

F., Rosa.
Vancouver, B.C. : Vancouver Holocaust Centre Society, 1983
Interview Date
March 23, 1983.
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Rosa F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3032). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.