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Mala Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3080) interviewed by Jean Gerber,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3080

Videotape testimony of Mala Z., who was born in Kalisz, Poland in 1920. She recalls a comfortable childhood; attending Catholic school; her father's death in 1936; active participation in Hashomer Hatzair and Maccabi; antisemitic incidents; preparing for emigration to Israel to a kibbutz; German invasion; fleeing to Warsaw; meeting Mordecai Anielewicz; returning to Kalisz; her mother's refusal to flee; helping to move a kibbutz from Wohyń; traveling to Warsaw, posing as a Volksdeutsche; escaping to L'viv in the Soviet zone; Zionist activities; deportation to Siberia in 1940; forced labor; imprisonment in Arkhangelʹsk, then transfer as a Polish citizen to Kazakhstan; working in a kolkhoz, then in the Shymkent hospital; reunion with her sister in Novorossiīsk in 1944; marriage in Gorlice in 1945; organizing illegal immigration under Haganah auspices; traveling to Czechoslovakia, then Austria; living in displaced persons camps in the Rothschild Hospital and Bad Reichenhall; assistance from UNRRA; and emigration to Canada. Mrs. Z. discusses the shock of realizing her losses when attending synagogue in Vancouver, and her strong sense of Jewish identity and commitment to Israel.

Z., Mala, 1920-
Vancouver, B.C. : Vancouver Holocaust Centre Society, 1987
Interview Date
February 4 and February 18, 1987.
Kalisz (Poland)
Warsaw (Poland)
Wohyń (Poland)
L'viv (Ukraine)
Arkhangelʹsk (Russia)
Shymkent (Kazakhstan)
Novorossiĭsk (Russia)
Gorlice (Poland)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Mala Z. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3080). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.